Welcome to my informal portfolio.

The purpose of this site is to provide insight into my personality and work ethic as a spacecraft propulsion engineer... But if you just want to see videos of things blowing up, please click here.

I’m currently working on developing novel electric plasma thrusters for my PhD at the Surrey Space Centre. Electric plasma thrusters are highly efficient rocket engines that use a plasma as well as electric and magnetic fields to accelerate a spacecraft. These thrusters are much smaller than traditional rocket engines and yet have the capability to take spacecraft far further than any traditional rocket engine ever could.

ECR Thruster Development

An Infographic I designed to explain how Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) thrusters work.

My PhD thesis centers around the development of a Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) thruster.  ECR thrusters use microwaves to ionise a propellant and strong magnets to accelerate those ions to 20,000 meters per second, generating thrust. With low erosion rates, these thrusters could replace Hall Effect Thrusters for longer duration spacecraft missions.

Direct thrust measurements and plume charicterisation has allowed me to test multiple novel configurations, with the aim of improving thruster performance as well as our understanding of the plasma properties.

Test fire of the Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) thruster that I developed at the Surrey Space Centre.

Rocket Factory Augsburg

In the summer of 2021, I was hired as a propulsion engineering intern at Rocket Facory Augsburg (RFA) in Germany, a company aiming to become the SpaceX of Europe.

During my time at RFA, I developed and operated the test rig for RFA’s liquid NM-N2O cryogenic pressure-fed kick stage rocket engine and igniter. This involved the modification of automotive fuel injectors for use in a torch ignitor and ullage engine.

I was also involved in the design of a water based sound suppression system for the 1.7 kN kick stage rocket engine. As well as an initial high-level review of the development of a high thrust electric propulsion system. 

This lead me to publish an atricle in The Conversation titled 3D-printed rocket engines: the technology driving the private sector space race.

Hot fire of RFA's main rocket engine, Jul 2021.


Testing the AQUAJET Thruster, Feb 2021.

In summer 2020, I was awarded a £60,000 Studentship to study for a PhD in Electric Spacecraft Propulsion. 

During my PhD, I worked as a test engineer on the AQUAJET thruster, an electric plasma thruster that can run on water, the ultimate green propellant. The AQUAJET thruster has the potential to allow for spacecraft that can cruise space indefinitely, only stopping every now and then to refuel with water from a passing comet.


Inspired by the book Rocket Boys by Homer Hickam, I decided to design and test a series of sugar rockets in my back garden. Using caster sugar as the fuel and Potassium Nitrate as the oxidiser, a potent mix of rocket fuel was formed. The oxidiser fuel ratio was adjusted to increase the power of the fuel, and the geometry of the chamber was optimised to give a long lasting, high thrust burn.

Videos of earlier unsucessfull attempts can be found here.

Firing a homemade sugar rocket, Jul 2019.


Presenting for the Commercial UAV Show at Excel London, Nov 2019.

I graduated from the University of Southampton in 2020 with a MEng in Aeronautics and Astronautics / Spacecraft Engineering. While at University, I took on leading roles in my two major group projects, guiding a team of six students to build a fixed wing UAV as well as an ultra-heavy lift drone for casualty evacuation. At the same time, as an RAF Reservist, I trained for the role of an officer, completing courses in military leadership and command in high pressure scenarios.